If your air conditioner is humming, it may mean there is an electrical or mechanical problem. Take steps now to identify the issue with your air conditioner.
Potential causes of your cooling system’s humming could include:
- The condenser fan motor on the unit might be unable to spin but is still connected to power, creating resistance that results in a pronounced—and often loud—humming sound.
- There could be a mechanical or electrical [malfunction|failure|breakdown]9] with the contractor relay switch, which is responsible for starting the outside unit when the indoor temperature reaches the level where cooling is necessary. When the contractor fails, it can produce a humming sound. The switch can be found in the exterior condenser unit outside your home.
- The circuit breaker is overloaded - normally, your circuit breaker trips when it becomes overloaded. However, if the circuit breaker is malfunctioning and won’t, you may hear an electrical humming noise.
- Ice on condenser - if your unit freezes over, this can cause a loud humming or buzzing noise. If your air conditioner is frozen, there are several other likely causes such as a refrigerant leak, clogged air filter or broken blower motor. A broken blower motor will often create a humming or buzzing noise, and is located in your furnace. If the furnace is positioned close to the exterior condenser, you might mistake the source of the humming noise. With the AC running, determine if the humming or buzzing is louder near the exterior condenser unit or the furnace.
- The AC Condenser Fan Motor is damaged - like the blower motor failing, a broken condenser fan motor can also cause a humming noise when it fails. If the indoor blower is running but the fan is not turning, your fan motor may emit a loud buzz. Some people perceive this sound as more of a hum than a buzz. There can be several causes for a failure of this part including debris entering the condenser, overgrowth surrounding the unit, loose parts, etc.
- Loose components inside the air conditioner - Your HVAC system is a complex machine with plenty of moving parts. Over time, it’s possible that some parts broke loose due to normal wear and tear. A loose part can cause premature wear and loud noises, including a humming noise.
- Refrigerant pipes are vibrating - If the refrigerant lines are undercharged, it can cause vibration. This vibration can sometimes sound like a humming noise. There may be other causes for a vibrating refrigerant line, like an improperly mounted expansion valve.
A humming sound is a sign that something inside your air conditioner is off and needs a closer look. Given the causes above, it’s beneficial to find where the sound is coming from. Your entire HVAC system is one unit. The air conditioner requires adequate airflow to operate effectively. Air passes through the air filter, and it’s the blower motor (located inside the furnace) that pushes air through the entire system to heat or cool your home. If the air filter is dirty, or the blower motor malfunctions, that can cause issues with your condenser unit located outside the home.
Resolving the AC humming issue requires a technician to perform a diagnostic assessment on the whole unit. This work should never be completed by a homeowner, but only by a trained technician. Your HVAC system has hazardous refrigerants running through it that should be carefully handled only by a professional. Electrical components to your system should never be adjusted by a novice due to the risk of electrocution. Homeowners are better served trusting an HVAC company to examine and repair their system if they notice any odd humming, whirring, or buzzing noises coming from their unit.
If a component like the blower motor is damaged, it may be because your furnace is near the end of its life. The blower motor is not a part that needs to be replaced regularly. Working with Finch Air Conditioning & Heating, we will not only diagnose your problem and share recommendations to resolve things as soon as possible, we’ll also assess your HVAC system entirely. If your unit needs to be replaced, we have affordable options with top tier service available through financing. We also have the Advantage program that will get you a new system for a low monthly rate.